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File Size: 4.0 MB
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Supported systems: Windows Vista (32/64-bit), Windows XP (32/64-bit), Windows 8, Windows 10
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Powdered ink toner particles are then electrostatically attracted to the charged areas of the drum that have not been laser-beamed. The drum then transfers the image onto paper which is passed through Pantum M5000L MFP machine by direct contact.

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There are typically seven steps involved in the process: The raster image processor converts the page description into Pantum M5000L MFP bitmap which is stored in the printer's raster memory. Each horizontal strip of dots across the page is known as a raster line or scan line.


Laser printing differs from other printing technologies in that each page is always rendered in a single continuous process without any pausing in the middle, while Pantum M5000L MFP technologies like inkjet can pause every few lines. To avoid a buffer underrun where the laser reaches a point on the page before it has the dots to draw therea laser printer typically needs enough raster memory to hold the bitmap image of an entire page.


Memory requirements increase with the square of the dots per inch, so dpi requires a minimum of 4 megabytes for monochrome, and 16 megabytes for color still at dpi. At dpi, there are 90, dots per square inch dots per linear Pantum M5000L MFP.

In a color printer, each of the four CMYK toner layers is stored as a separate bitmap, and all four layers are typically preprocessed before printing begins, so a minimum of 4 megabytes is needed for a full-color letter-size page at dpi. During the s, memory chips were still very expensive, which is why entry-level laser printers in that era always came with four-digit suggested retail prices in US dollars. Memory prices later plunged, and dpi printers have been widely available in the consumer market since Charging[edit] Applying a negative charge to the photosensitive drumIn older printers, a corona wire positioned parallel to the drum or, in more recent printers, a primary charge roller, projects an electrostatic charge onto the photoreceptor otherwise named the photo conductor unita Pantum M5000L MFP photosensitive drum or belt, which is capable of holding an electrostatic charge on its surface while it is in the dark.

An AC bias voltage is applied to the primary charge roller to remove any residual charges left by previous images. The roller will also apply a DC bias on the drum surface to ensure a uniform negative potential.

Numerous patents[specify] describe the photosensitive drum coating as a silicon sandwich with a photocharging layer, a charge leakage Pantum M5000L MFP layer, as well as a surface layer. One version[specify] uses amorphous silicon containing hydrogen as the light receiving layer, Boron nitride as a charge leakage barrier layer, as well as a surface layer of doped silicon, notably silicon with oxygen or nitrogen which at sufficient concentration resembles machining silicon nitride. Exposing[edit] Laser light selectively neutralizes the negative charge on the photoreceptive drum, to form an electrostatic image Laser unit from a Dell P The Pantum M5000L MFP hexagon is the rotating scanner mirror.

A laser printer uses a laser because lasers are able to form highly focused, precise, and intense beams of light, especially over the short distances inside of a printer.


The laser is aimed at a rotating polygonal mirror which directs the light beam through a system of lenses and mirrors onto the photoreceptor drum, writing pixels at rates up to sixty five million times per second. The stream of rasterized data held in the printer's memory rapidly turns the laser on and off as Pantum M5000L MFP sweeps.

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The laser beam neutralizes or reverses the charge on the surface of the drum, leaving a static electric negative image on the drum's surface which will repel the negatively Pantum M5000L MFP toner particles. The areas on the drum which were struck by the laser, however, momentarily have no charge, and the toner being pressed against the drum by the toner-coated developer roll in the next step moves from the roll's rubber surface to the uncharged portions Pantum M5000L MFP the surface of the drum. Some non-laser printers LED printers use an array of light-emitting diodes spanning the width of the page to generate an image, rather than using a laser. Developing[edit]The surface with the latent image is exposed to toner which has been applied in a micron-thick layer to the developer roll.

Toner consists of fine particles of dry plastic powder mixed with carbon black or coloring agents. The toner particles are given a negative charge inside the toner cartridge, and as they emerge onto the developer drum they are electrostatically attracted to the photoreceptor's latent image the areas on the surface of the drum which had been struck by the laser.

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Because negative charges repel each other, the negatively charged toner particles will not adhere to the drum where the negative charge imparted previously by the charge roller remains. Transferring[edit]A sheet of paper is then rolled under the photoreceptor drum, which has been coated with a pattern of toner particles in the exact places where the laser struck it moments before. Pantum M5000L MFP toner particles have a very weak attraction to both the drum and the paper, but the bond to the drum is weaker and the particles transfer once again, this time from the drum's surface to the paper's surface. Some machines also use a positively charged 'transfer Pantum M5000L MFP on the back side of the paper to help pull the negatively charged toner from the photoreceptor drum to the paper. One roller is usually a hollow tube heat roller and the other is a rubber backed roller pressure roller.

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A radiant heat lamp is suspended in the centre of the hollow tube, and its infrared energy uniformly heats the roller from the inside. For proper bonding of the toner, the fuser roller must be uniformly hot. Some printers use a very thin flexible metal foil roller, so Pantum M5000L MFP is less thermal mass to be heated and the fuser can more quickly reach operating temperature. Free Download Pantum ML MFP Driver (Printer / Scanner).

Pantum is an international company which develops, manufactures and sells laser printers and toner cartridges that are made in g: ML.

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